Designed for in-growth

Each parameter of the Tesera structure—from pore size and shape to surface roughness—was designed based on decades of research on bone in-growth.

Proven biocompatibility

Made from gold-standard titanium alloy, Tesera Trabecular Technology porous structure demonstrated excellent bone in-growth in a weight-bearing animal study.

Strength and bone-like modulus.

The Tesera structure matches the modulus of elasticity of cancellous bone, while the solid portion is 100% dense titanium alloy.

Secure fixation

The large pore size of the Tesera structure results in surface prominences that grip into bone for initial stability, while bone in-growth provides long-term security.


Advanced materials for enhanced device performance

Renovis is committed to providing innovative products that help surgeons meet demanding patient needs. By combining advanced materials, like the Tesera Trabecular Technology porous structure, with tried-and-true design principals, Renovis aims to enhance device performance and longevity. Tesera Trabecular Technology implants provide:

  • The initial stability required for early fixation
  • The strength required for weight-bearing,
  • A scaffold for bone in-growth and long-term fixation

Tesera Trabecular Technology porous structure is highly porous, with an average pore diameter of about 500 μm.[15]Pores of this size can accommodate bone in-growth and the vascularization required to sustain living bone.[8-11]


Designed for bone in-growth

Each parameter of the Tesera Trabecular Technology porous structure—from pore size and shape to surface roughness—was design based on decades of published research on bone in-growth surfaces.

Parameter Published Guidelines Tesera Trabecular Technology Meets / Exceeds Requirements
Material Composition Ti-alloy “gold standard” [1,2] Ti-alloy
Pore Volume 55-60%; higher is better [5,12,13] 64±6.2 [15]
Interconnected Pores Yes Yes
Surface Micro-Roughness Approximate grit-blasted (0.45-7.0μm) [6,7] Yes
Average Pore Diameter 100-500μm; in upper range for vascularization [8-11] 504 [15]
Pore Shape Rugged, irregular [5] Yes

animal study

Proven biocompatibility

Roughened titanium alloy has been used clinically for more than 35 years and remains the gold standard for bone on-growth.[1,2]  A study of bone in-growth into Tesera Trabecular Technology bone plugs was conducted in a sheep femur model.[16,26]  The results revealed:

  • No implant-associated adverse effects on the host bone
  • Excellent new bone formation
  • Bone remodeling within and adjacent to the porous structure

biocompatibility Light microscope images showing excellent bone ingrowth by the 12 week time point and continued bone growth at 24 weeks.[16]

Mechanical Properties

Strength and bone-like modulus for long-term success


The Tesera porous structure is not a coating; the solid and porous portions are built up in one continuous process. This process produces 100% dense titanium alloy, with properties like wrought material.[23]


The modulus of the Tesera porous structure falls within the range of values reported for cancellous bone.


Initial stability for secure fixation


The large pore size of the Tesera porous structure provides initial mechanical stability as the surface prominences grip into the bone; the mechanical interlock of bone growing into the structure provides long-term fixation.


In laboratory testing of the Tesera structure on cancellous bone, the coefficient of friction was substantially improved over plasma-strayed coating and better than a contemporary highly porous tantalum structure.[18-20]  A higher frictional coefficient enhances initial stability and promotes ingrowth by limiting micromotion at the bone-to-implant interface.[21,22]

Tesera Trabecular Technology

Latest News

NASS 2017 Annual Meeting

— Conference Event —
The North American Spine Society
2017 Annual Meeting
October 25 – 28, 2017   Orlando, Florida

Visit the Renovis Surgical booth 1347 where Tesera Trabecular Technology will be on display.
[For more information.]

AAHKS 2017 Annual Meeting

— Conference Event —
American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons
2017 Annual Meeting
November 2 – 5, 2017   Dallas, Texas

Visit the Renovis Surgical booth 302 where Tesera Trabecular Technology will be on display.
[For more information.]

Renovis Surgical Receives FDA Clearance for 3D-printed Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Systems

— Press Release —
Redlands, CA / Austin, TX (August 9, 2017) – Renovis Surgical Technologies, Inc. announced today that it has received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market posterior lumbar Tesera® porous titanium interbody fusion systems.
[Read more.]

Contact Us

[contact-form-7 id=”10″ title=”Contact form 1″]


(Corporate Headquarters)
Renovis Surgical, Inc.
1901 West Lugonia Ave.
Suite 340
Redlands, CA 92374

(Austin Office)
Renovis Surgical, Inc.
10415 Morado Circle Building 2
Suite 350
Austin, TX 78759

(800) RENOVIS office

Distributors Wanted

Tesera Trabecular Technology


  1. Oshida Y. Bioscience and bioengineering of titanium materials. Oxford: Elsevier. 2012.
  2. Kieswetter K, et al. The role of implant surface characteristics in the healing of bone. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 1996; 7(4):329-345.
  3. Arcelli D, Palmieri A, Pezzetti F, Brunelli G, Zollino I, Carinci F. Genetic effects of titanium surface on osteoblasts: A meta-analysis. J Oral Sci. 2007 Dec;49(4):299-309.
  4. Mour M, et al. Advances in Porous Biomaterials for Dental and Orthopaedic Applications. Materials. 2010;3:2947-2974.
  5. Nouri A, Hodgson PD, Wen C. Biomimetic Porous Titanium Scaffolds for Orthopedic and Dental Applications. In Mukerjee A, ed. Biomimetics Learning from Nature. InTech 2010;21:415–450.
  6. Hacking SA, Bobyn JD, Tanzer M, Krygier JJ. The osseous response to corundum blasted implant surfaces in a canine hip model. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Jul;(364):240-53.
  7. Feighan JE, Goldberg VM, Davy D, Stevenson S. The influence of surface-blasting on the incorporation of titanium-alloy implants in a rabbit intramedullary model. JBJS Am. 1995; 77:1380-1395.
  8. Simske SJ, Ayers RA, Bateman TA. Porous materials for bone engineering. Mater Sci Forum. 1997;250:151–182.
  9. Bobyn JD, Pilliar RM, Cameron HU, Weatherly GC. The optimum pore size for the fixation of porous-surfaced metal implants by the ingrowth of bone. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980 Jul-Aug;(150):263-70.
  10. Miao X, Sun D. Graded/Gradient Porous Biomaterials. Materials. 2010;3:1-22.
  11. Bansiddhi A, Sargeant TD, Stupp SI, Dunand DC. Porous NiTi for bone implants: A review. Acta Biomater. 2008 Jul;4(4):773–782.
  12. Bragdon CR, Jasty M, Greene M, Rubash HE, Harris WH. Biologic Fixation of Total Hip Implants. Insights gained from a series of canine studies. JBJS Am. 2004;86-A Suppl 2:105-117.
  13. Karageorgiou V, Kaplan D. Porosity of 3D biomaterial scaffolds and osteogenesis. Biomaterials. 2005 Sep;26(27):5474-91.
  14. Data on file with Renovis Surgical. SEM Evaluation. Test Report K13047307-1.
  15. Data on file with Renovis Surgical. Coating Evaluation per ASTM F1854-09. Test Report K12076592-4.
  16. Surgeries were performed at IMDS Discovery Research (Logan, Utah); processing and analysis of the specimens was conducted by the Bone and Joint Research Laboratory (Salt Lake City, Utah). Data on file with Renovis Surgical.
  17. Willie BM, Bloebaum RD, Bireley WR, Bachus KN, Hofmann AA. Determining relevance of a weight-bearing ovine model for bone ingrowth assessment. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Jun;69(3):567-76.
  18. Data on file with Renovis Surgical. Coefficient of Friction ASTM G115-10. Test Report K13047307-4.
  19. Shirazi-Adl A, Dammak M, Paiement G. Experimental determination of friction characteristics at the trabecular bone/porous–coated metal interface in cementless implants. J Biomed Mater Res. 1993;27(2):167–75.
  20. Zhang Y, Ahn PB, Fitzpatrick DC, Heiner AD, Poggie RA, Brown TD. Interfacial frictional behavior: cancellous bone, cortical bone, and a novel porous tantalum biomaterial. Journal of Musculoskeletal Research. 1999;3(4):245-251.
  21. Dammak M, Shirazi-Adl A, Schwartz M Jr, Gustavson L. Friction properties at the bone–metal interface: comparison of four different porous metal surfaces. J Biomed Mater Res. 1997 Jun; 35(3):329–336.
  22. Biemond JE, Aquarius R, Verdonschot N, Buma P. Frictional and bone ingrowth properties of engineered surface topographies produced by electron beam technology. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2011 May;131(5):711-8.
  23. Hiemenz J. EBM offers a new alternative for producing titanium parts and prototypes. Time-Compression Technologies. 2006 May/June: 16-20.
  24. Jasty M, Bragdon C, Burke D, O’Connor D, Lowenstein J, Harris W. In vivo skeletal responses to porous-surfaced implants subjected to small induced motions. JBJS Am. 1997 May;79(5):707-14.
  25. Data on file with Renovis Surgical. Tensile/Compression Tests. Test report K13047307-5.
  26. Willie BM, Bloebaum RD, Bireley WR, Bachus KN, Hofmann AA. Determining relevance of a weight-bearing ovine model for bone ingrowth assessment. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Jun 1;69(3):567-76.

*Trabecular Metal is a trademark of Zimmer, Inc. (Warsaw, Indiana).

2014 copyright © Renovis Surgical Technologies, Inc. | Legal Notice